The Detection of Cases of Violations of Economic Competition and Modern Program of their Settlement
Keywords:competition, anti-competition practices, cartel agreements, concentrations
The paper addresses the issues of detection of cases of violations of economic competition by various undertakings (enterprises) such as the prohibited agreements, abuse of dominant position or other discriminatory practices, more efficient treatment in courts of such cases and easier resolution of initiated cases. Besides the national laws governing the protection and development of unfair competition from anticompetitive practices, market regulators, in particular national authorities for protection of competition tend to find easier methods of detecting violators of the market rules. Among the programs that apply in the EU two are the most important: the leniency program and the program of the settlements. Also during analyses and easier detection of cases there are two economic indicators which alerts for possible violation of competition. The paper treats the functioning of these programs and other indicators implemented by the national authorities of competition.